Heart failure is a chronic condition in which the heart muscle is unable to pump blood sufficiently, leading to fatigue, shortness of breath, and fluid retention. It is a serious condition that requires medical management and lifestyle changes.

Heart Failure FAQ

What are the symptoms of heart failure?

Common symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, swelling in the legs, and persistent coughing.

How is heart failure diagnosed?

It is diagnosed through physical examination, imaging tests, blood tests, and monitoring of symptoms.

Can heart failure be prevented?

Preventive measures include maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing underlying conditions, and adhering to prescribed medications.

What are the treatment options for heart failure?

Treatment may include medication, lifestyle changes, surgical procedures, and in severe cases, heart transplantation.

Is exercise safe for individuals with heart failure?

Yes, structured and supervised exercise can be beneficial for individuals with heart failure.

How does diet affect heart failure?

A heart-healthy diet low in sodium and rich in nutrient-dense foods is important for managing heart failure.

What are the causes of heart failure?

Causes include coronary artery disease, hypertension, diabetes, and heart valve disorders.

Can heart failure lead to complications?

Yes, it can lead to complications such as kidney damage, liver damage, and arrhythmias.

How can I support a loved one with heart failure?

Offer emotional support, assist with medication adherence, and help them maintain a heart-healthy lifestyle.

Is it common for heart failure to worsen over time?

Heart failure is a progressive condition, and it can worsen if not managed effectively.

Are there any restrictions on fluid intake for individuals with heart failure?

Restricting fluid intake is often recommended for individuals with heart failure to manage fluid retention.

What is the role of medication in managing heart failure?

Medications such as ACE inhibitors, beta blockers, and diuretics are commonly prescribed to manage heart failure.

When should a person with heart failure seek medical attention?

Seek medical attention if there is sudden weight gain, increased swelling, severe shortness of breath, or persistent chest pain.

Can stress worsen the symptoms of heart failure?

Stress can contribute to worsening symptoms, so stress management techniques are important for individuals with heart failure.

Can heart failure be reversed?

In some cases, with early intervention and effective management, the symptoms of heart failure can improve.

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Information provided by Maryam Abdullahi-Mahdi. Reviewed by Mr. Matthew Liew