Hypercalcemia is a medical condition characterized by elevated levels of calcium in the bloodstream. This can result from overactive parathyroid glands, certain medications, or other underlying health issues. Symptoms may include frequent urination, thirst, nausea, and fatigue.

Hypercalcemia FAQ

What causes Hypercalcemia?

Hypercalcemia can be caused by overactive parathyroid glands, certain medications (e.g. thiazide diuretics, lithium), or medical conditions such as hyperparathyroidism, cancer, or sarcoidosis.

What are the symptoms of Hypercalcemia?

Common symptoms of Hypercalcemia include frequent urination, excessive thirst, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, constipation, muscle weakness, and fatigue.

How is Hypercalcemia diagnosed?

Hypercalcemia is typically diagnosed through blood tests that measure calcium levels, as well as tests to identify the underlying cause such as parathyroid hormone levels or imaging studies.

What complications can Hypercalcemia lead to?

If left untreated, Hypercalcemia can lead to kidney stones, bone pain, osteoporosis, and in severe cases, it can affect the function of the heart and brain.

Can Hypercalcemia be treated with medication?

Yes, Hypercalcemia can be managed with medications such as diuretics to increase urinary calcium excretion, bisphosphonates to reduce bone resorption, or calcimimetics to lower blood calcium levels.

What lifestyle changes can help manage Hypercalcemia?

Maintaining adequate hydration, avoiding excessive calcium and vitamin D intake, and staying physically active can help manage Hypercalcemia.

Is Hypercalcemia a common condition?

Hypercalcemia is not common and is often a result of an underlying medical condition. It requires medical attention and proper management.

Can Hypercalcemia be a sign of cancer?

Yes, Hypercalcemia can be associated with certain types of cancer, such as lung cancer, breast cancer, and certain blood cancers.

Are there any dietary restrictions for Hypercalcemia?

Patients with Hypercalcemia may need to limit their intake of foods high in calcium, such as dairy products, and avoid excessive supplementation with vitamin D.

Does Hypercalcemia cause bone pain?

Yes, Hypercalcemia can lead to bone pain due to increased bone resorption and the formation of calcium deposits in the bones.

Can Hypercalcemia affect the heart?

In severe cases, Hypercalcemia can affect the electrical impulses that regulate the heart's rhythm, leading to heart palpitations, arrhythmias, and other cardiac issues.

Is Hypercalcemia more common in older adults?

Hypercalcemia can occur in individuals of any age, but it is more common in older adults, especially those with underlying health conditions.

Can Hypercalcemia be hereditary?

While most cases of Hypercalcemia are not hereditary, there are rare genetic conditions that can predispose individuals to developing high levels of calcium in the blood.

Can Hypercalcemia cause kidney stones?

Yes, Hypercalcemia can lead to the formation of kidney stones due to the increased excretion of calcium in the urine.

What are the long-term effects of Hypercalcemia?

Long-term Hypercalcemia can lead to weakened bones, an increased risk of fractures, and kidney damage. It is important to monitor and manage the condition effectively.

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