Epilepsy is a neurological disorder that causes recurring seizures and can affect people of all ages. It is characterized by abnormal brain activity and can have various causes, including genetics, head trauma, and brain conditions. Seizure symptoms can vary widely, from staring spells to convulsions.

Epilepsy FAQ

What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurrent seizures due to abnormal brain activity.

What causes epilepsy?

The causes of epilepsy can include genetics, brain trauma, and various brain conditions.

What are the symptoms of epilepsy?

Symptoms range from staring spells to convulsions and can vary widely among individuals.

How is epilepsy diagnosed?

Diagnosis is typically based on a person's medical history, symptoms, and various tests, such as EEG and MRI.

Can epilepsy be cured?

While there is no cure for epilepsy, it can often be managed with medications and other treatment options.

Are there specific medications for epilepsy?

Yes, several anti-epileptic drugs are available to help control seizures.

Is epilepsy a lifelong condition?

Epilepsy can be a lifelong condition, but some individuals may outgrow it or have long periods without seizures.

Can epilepsy affect anyone?

Epilepsy can affect people of all ages, from young children to the elderly.

Is epilepsy contagious?

No, epilepsy is not contagious and cannot be passed from one person to another.

Are there lifestyle changes that can help manage epilepsy?

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, managing stress, and getting enough sleep can help in managing epilepsy.

Can epilepsy medication have side effects?

Yes, some anti-epileptic drugs may cause side effects, and it's important to discuss these with a healthcare professional.

Can epilepsy cause other health problems?

Epilepsy can be associated with a higher risk of certain health issues, such as depression and anxiety.

Are there support groups for people with epilepsy?

Yes, there are support groups and organizations that provide resources and support for people living with epilepsy.

Can epilepsy affect a person's daily life?

Managing epilepsy may require some adjustments, but many individuals with epilepsy can lead full and active lives.

What should one do if someone is having a seizure?

Stay calm, make the person safe, and stay with them until the seizure ends. If the seizure lasts longer than 5 minutes, call for medical help.

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Information provided by Maryam Abdullahi-Mahdi. Reviewed by Mr. Matthew Liew