Bullous pemphigoid is a rare, chronic autoimmune skin disorder characterized by large, fluid-filled blisters. It typically affects the elderly and is caused by the immune system attacking the skin, leading to blister formation and itching. Treatment aims to reduce inflammation and heal the skin.

Bullous Pemphigoid FAQ


What is bullous pemphigoid?

Bullous pemphigoid is a chronic autoimmune skin disorder characterized by large, fluid-filled blisters.

Who is at risk of developing bullous pemphigoid?

The condition typically affects the elderly.

What causes bullous pemphigoid?

It is caused by the immune system attacking the skin, leading to blister formation and itching.

How is bullous pemphigoid diagnosed?

Diagnosis is typically based on a skin biopsy and blood tests.

What are the treatment options for bullous pemphigoid?

Treatment aims to reduce inflammation and heal the skin. It may include corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and other medications.

Is bullous pemphigoid curable?

While there is no cure, it can be managed with treatment.

Are there any complications associated with bullous pemphigoid?

In some cases, complications such as skin infections and side effects from medications may arise.

Can diet or lifestyle changes help manage bullous pemphigoid?

While they may not directly treat the condition, a healthy diet and lifestyle can support overall health and well-being.

What should one do if they suspect they have bullous pemphigoid?

Seek medical attention for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.

Is bullous pemphigoid contagious?

No, bullous pemphigoid is not contagious.

Can bullous pemphigoid cause scarring?

In some cases, especially if blisters are repeatedly irritated or become infected, scarring may occur.

What are the common areas affected by bullous pemphigoid?

The condition commonly affects the lower abdomen, groin, and inner thighs, as well as the arms and legs.

Is bullous pemphigoid painful?

While the blisters can be uncomfortable and itchy, they may not always be painful.

Can stress worsen bullous pemphigoid symptoms?

Stress may exacerbate symptoms, so stress management techniques may be helpful.

What should be avoided if someone has bullous pemphigoid?

Avoiding irritants, excessive sun exposure, and tight clothing may help manage symptoms.

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Information provided by Maryam Abdullahi-Mahdi. Reviewed by Mr. Matthew Liew