Spasticity is a condition characterized by stiffness and involuntary muscle contractions. It can result from damage to the brain or spinal cord, often associated with conditions such as multiple sclerosis, stroke, or cerebral palsy.




Spasticity FAQ

What causes spasticity?

Spasticity is typically caused by damage to the part of the brain or spinal cord that controls voluntary movement.

What does spasticity feel like?

Individuals with spasticity may experience stiffness, tightness, and uncontrollable muscle spasms.

Can spasticity be treated?

Yes, spasticity can be managed through medications, physical therapy, and other interventions.

Is spasticity a permanent condition?

In some cases, spasticity can be permanent, but its severity can often be reduced with proper treatment.

What medications are used for spasticity?

Common medications for spasticity include baclofen, tizanidine, diazepam, and dantrolene.

Can spasticity affect everyday activities?

Yes, severe spasticity can significantly impact a person's ability to perform everyday tasks.

Is spasticity the same as muscle stiffness?

Spasticity involves both muscle stiffness and uncontrollable muscle contractions, while muscle stiffness may not always involve spasms.

What conditions are commonly associated with spasticity?

Spasticity is often associated with conditions such as multiple sclerosis, stroke, cerebral palsy, and spinal cord injury.

Can spasticity be painful?

Yes, spasticity can cause muscle pain and discomfort due to the continuous muscle contractions.

How is spasticity diagnosed?

Diagnosis may involve assessing muscle tone, reflexes, and the extent of mobility impairment.

Can spasticity improve over time?

With proper treatment and rehabilitation, spasticity can improve, allowing for better mobility and comfort.

Are there non-pharmacological treatments for spasticity?

Yes, options like physical therapy, stretching exercises, and assistive devices can complement medication in managing spasticity.

Can spasticity affect children?

Yes, spasticity can affect children, particularly those with cerebral palsy or certain neurological disorders.

What are the potential complications of spasticity?

Unmanaged spasticity can lead to joint contractures, pressure sores, and difficulties with daily activities.

Is spasticity common after a stroke?

Yes, spasticity is a common neurological consequence of stroke, affecting muscle control and movement.

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Information provided by Maryam Abdullahi-Mahdi. Reviewed by Mr. Matthew Liew